About NBFC’s Company Registration
Non-banking financial incorporation (NBFC’s) are fast emerging as an important segment of Indian economy.
NBFC’s offers almost everything as banks do, performing financial intermediation in a variety of ways, making loans, accepting deposits, and advances, leasing, hire purchase, etc.
NBFC’s can raise funds from the public, directly or indirectly, and can freely lend them to ultimate spenders.
The minimum tenure to accept deposits is 12 months and the maximum period of 60 months.
NBFC’s advance loans to the various small wholesale and retail traders and self-employed persons.
NBFC’s is very popular due to attractive interest rates on deposits.
The working and operations of NBFC’s are regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) within the framework of the Reserve Bank of India Act.
Section 45-IA provides that no NBFC’s shall commence or carry on the business of Non- Banking Financial Institution without obtaining a Certificate of Registration issued by the Reserve Bank of India.
A Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC’s) Similar to that of a bank,
Except for the following differences:
- It cannot accept demand deposits
- It cannot issue cheque drawn on itself
- Non-banking financial incorporation (NBFC’s) in India is classified under three types
- Asset finance companies (AFC)
- Investment company (IC)
- Loan company (LC)
Non-banking finance companies (NBFC’s) is classified into the following categories:
- Development finance institutions
- Investment companies
- Discount & guarantee houses
- Corporate development companies
- Venture capital companies
- Leasing companies
- House finance companies
Advantages of an NBFC’s
- Provides loans and credit facilities to Public
- Trading money market instruments
- Funding private education & Business
- Wealth management
- Discounting services e.g. discounting of instruments
- Underwrite stock and shares, TFC and other obligations
Procedure for NBFC’s Registration :
From All Directors and Shareholder.
- Certified copy of up-to-date Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company.
- Banker’s Report in a sealed envelope.
- Auditors report about receipt of minimum net owned fund.
- A certificate of Chartered Accountant regarding details of group/associate/subsidiary/holding companies along with details of investments in other NBFCs as shown in the Proforma Balance Sheet
FAQ’s on NBFC’s Registration:-
1. What does conducting financial activity as “principal business” mean?
IN NBFS’c when a company’s financial assets constitute more 50% of the total assets and income from financial assets constitute more than 50% of the total income.
If a company meets the both condition mandatory required as NBFC’s by RBI.
2. What is difference between banks & NBFCs?
NBFC’s offers almost everything as banks do:
- Performing financial intermediation in a variety of ways,
- Making Loans,
- Accepting Deposits and Advances,
- Hire Purchase,
- NBFC’S can raise funds from the public, directly or indirectly, and can freely lend them to ultimate spenders.
3. What Maximum Limit to Accept Deposits from Public?
NBFC’S can accept maximum 1.5 times of Net owned fund (W.e.f from 31-03-2016).
4. Is it necessary that every NBFC’s should be registered with RBI?
Section 45-1A of the RBI Act. 1934, for doing lending and accepting deposits from public every such company requires prior approval from the Reserve of bank of India.
5. Requirements for registration with RBI?
The Minimum Net Owned Fund of NBFC’s should be not less than Rs. 200 Lakh and principal objectives making loans, accepting deposits, and advances, leasing, hire purchase, etc.
NBFC’s can raise funds from the public, directly or indirectly.
6. What are banking activities banned for NBFC?
An NBFC’s cannot accept demand deposits and cannot issue cheque drawn on itself.
Compare Chart Between : Nidhi,
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|Governing Laws||RBI Act. 1934||Companies Act. 2013||MSCS Act. 2002||RBI Act. 1934|
|Recommended for||Commercial Banking Business||Member based
Mutual benefit society
|Non-Commercial Banking and NPO||Poor and lower income group.|
|Initial Capital||Minimum Rs. 2 Crore||Rs. 10 Lakh||For General credit Rs. 2 Lakh and for Urban bank Rs. 4 Crore||Minimum Rs. 5 Crore.|
|Loan Limit||No.||No.||No.||Maximum Rs. 50,000|
|Members||7||7 at the time of registration and after registration min 200.||Min 50 from at least 2 state. In total 100||7|
|Operations||PAN India||PAN India||In a District or state||PAN India|
|Registration time||Maximum 120 Working days||Maximum 40 working days||Maximum 120 working days||Maximum 180 Working days|
|Registering Authority||ROC & RBI||Registrar of Companies||State Government and Central Govt.||ROC & RBI|
|Deposits||No.||Yes. From only its members||Yes. freely from public with certain limitation||No.|
|Loan||To Everyone||To Members only||To Everyone||For lower income group|
|Funding||From Members and FDI||From Members only||From Members and Public||From Members and Governments|